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Must there be war?

The September 14 1938 edition of the Toronto Daily Star contained an advertisement for a speech by the Duchess of Atholl:

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It’s not clear from this title whether the duchess believed that there must be war or not – my guess is yes.

Katharine Stewart-Murray, the Duchess of Atholl (1874-1960) was a Conservative Party member of Parliament in Britain between 1923 and 1938, but was deselected by the party after declaring her opposition to Neville Chamberlain’s policy of appeasement of Adolf Hitler. She was also opposed to abuses of rights in the Soviet Union, but supported the Republican side in the Spanish Civil War, leading to her being called the “Red Duchess”.

The Scotsman and Spartacus Educational have brief biographies of her.

An ocean liner was named after her in 1928; it was sunk by the Germans in 1942.

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